For Linux operating systems such as CentOS, Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian ... the usual control is done via CLI command line operation. To do this, users will use software such as Putty, MobaXterm, XShell to perform SSH to the default port 22 of the server. In this tutorial, Tino will guide you to use MobaXtem.
1. The good features of MobaXtem
MobaXterm has better features than using Putty, it helps users manipulate better when controlling linux servers, including:
- Support opening multiple windows to work.
- Support integrated FTP or SFTP to transfer files from the user to the server.
- Support for CLI screen zoom operations or color changes more eye-catching.
- Support connection methods such as FTP, Telnet, RDP (remote desktop to windows machines)
- Support tools used to scan ports, scan networks.
- Save the login session after first accessing SSH or other protocols.
2. How to use MobaXterm
2.1. Download MobaXterm
MobaXtem offers 2 versions, free version - Home Edition and premium version -
Professional Edition. For regular users, just downloading the free version is enough (the free version) allows saving the first 10 SSH sections (which can be understood as 10 servers).
When downloading the free version, you can choose the portable format (extract and use it now) or install (download and install). Download the free version - Home Edition at the link below
In this tutorial, we will choose the type of installation file for the Home Edition
After downloading, continue to perform the installation operations. During the installation the default options are enough to use.
2.2. Use MobaXterm to access SSH
After the installation is complete, open MobaXterm, we will have the following interface.
Perform the operation to open the SSH connection window to your server. We choose the tab
New section. Additionally, key combinations can be performed
Ctl + Shif + N , we have the same result.
The new window that appears after the above operation will look like below. Select a tab
In the above window, proceed to enter the IP address and port of the server. Usually the default SSH port value will be 22 if you do not make any changes. In this tutorial we will connect to the IP address that is
220.127.116.11 with the following information:
- Remote host: enter the IP address, in this guide it is
- Port: Enter the server's SSH port, the default is:
- The other school is left blank.
Once finished importing, select OK.
After selecting OK, we will have the interface to enter the server's user and password. Usually will use a user named
root and password provided earlier.
Note, when entering the password will not display a * as in other applications, you can copy the password to notepad and paste it again on the screen above.
In the screen above, we choose Yes so every time to log in, we do not need to re-declare the password. Also note this should be considered as the password will be saved on your device. In the instructions of the above window allow to delete these saved passwords if you want.
YES we will have the screen below.
We can check the operating system version by command
cat /etc/*-release. The results will display as below.
Or you can check with other commands like:
At this point, you have successfully accessed SSH and can begin working.
2.3. Other operations with MobaXterm
In addition to using SSH, MobaXterm can also be used to perform file transfers via
sftp. In this tutorial I will guide you to upload files from your personal computer to the server via MobaXterm.
Select the sftp tab as shown below.
Select an icon
Select the file to upload from your computer and select
After selecting files, depending on the size, the upload time will be fast or slow. We can observe in the screen like below.
After the upload is done, we can check it in the directory
/root/ of the server to see if the file is available by command
ls -alh at the directory
In this tutorial, Tino showed you the basics of MobaXteam. You can experience more of its other features on the tabs, please experience and share with us if you want.